Myopia (Nearsightedness)

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Myopia (Short-Sightedness) 1
Myopia (Short-Sightedness) 2

What is Myopia?

Short-sightedness, or myopia as it is known medically, is a refractive error of the eye that is easily corrected. It is one of the most common reasons for wearing spectacles in the UK and worldwide. It is more common in South East Asia and becoming more common in Europe and North America.

In short-sightedness (myopia), the vision is blurred for objects in the distance. It usually occurs when the eyeball is longer than required for the curvature (power) of the cornea or more generally when there is a mismatch between the refractive power of the eye and the length of your eye. This results in light rays coming to focus behind the retina; for normal crisp vision the light rays need to focus on the retina.

The condition usually develops in childhood or teenage years and even low levels of short-sightedness (myopia) can blur your distance vision significantly. The blurred vision is commonly noticed at school when the whiteboard cannot be seen clearly or when one eye is accidentally covered.

  • Blurred distance vision but good preservation of intermediate and near vision
  • Headache after prolonged activities that require visual attention; this is often caused by partially closing the eyelids, as this tends to improve the vision
  • Increased difficulty with night vison, as at night-time we naturally become more myopic

There is no definitive cause, but several studies have identified associations and risk factors for developing the condition. Short-sightedness (myopia) has been linked with a family history of the condition, particularly when parents and siblings are affected. Studies with twins have also indicated a strong predisposing genetic element.

Education level has also been linked with developing myopia, with the condition being more common in university graduates than non. Increased use of computers and less outdoor play are also consistent associations. These are relatively similar risk factors and the common underlying activity may be high levels of near work, such as reading, academic work and computer use. It has been postulated that the accommodating effort of the lens (focusing) required for near activities may stimulate the eyeball to become longer.

Short-sightedness and other refractive errors can be diagnosed by your optometrist (optician) or eye doctor. The examination involves a refraction in order to assess the refractive status of the eye. Other abnormalities of the eye, such as cataract or keratoconus, may be detected.

Myopia (Short-Sightedness) 3
Myopia causes objects that are far away to appear blurred.

Myopia Correction


How can short-sightedness (myopia) be treated?

There are a few options for the treatment of short-sightedness (myopia):

  • Spectacles are by far the most common modality for the compensation of short-sightedness and other refractive errors of the eye. They are readily available and cheap. However, they are associated with distortion of your peripheral vision, especially for higher prescriptions, and inconveniences, such as getting wet in the rain, fogging when walking indoors, inability to wear sunglasses and the requirement for separate readers, to mention a few.
  • Contact lenses are commonly used for short-sightedness and other refractive errors. They are a good option as they overcome the above limitations of spectacles. They do have their own limitations though; they do reduce oxygen delivery to the eye, they can cause dry eye and with prolonged use can lead to contact lens intolerance and sight-threatening infection.
  • Laser eye surgery provides a permanent treatment to the condition by altering the shape of the cornea; this alters the refractive power of the cornea so that the light rays come into focus on the retina of the eye. At Laser Vision Eye Centre we offer a variety of laser procedures, allowing us to recommend the best treatment for your eyes and your needs; this includes LASIK, LASEK/Advanced Surface Ablation and SMILE, the latest development in laser eye surgery.
  • An Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) is like a permanent plastic contact lens that is implanted inside your eye, in front of your natural lens. No one can see this phakic lens and you cannot feel its presence in your eye. It is a safe alternative to laser surgery, but it is usually reserved for higher prescriptions when laser eye surgery may not be the best option.

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Hannah Gough
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An absolute dream
Aris and team made the whole procedure from start to finish an absolute dream. All questions answered in a language that anyone could understand, more detail given when requested. Calming even during the procedure. Appointments ran fairly late, so could go outside of work hours and travel. Everything was efficient, didn't have to chase, they handled all the faff around COVID like champs. Don't forget to enter your reg number on arrival to the hospital though!
Julie House
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My whol experience has been superb
I am today the morning after having completed presbyond surgery and I am absolutely delighted. The actual surgery was nothing to worry about and is completely pain free. I have spent my first night with slightly fuzzy vision and mildly gritty eyes but this really was the only side effect. This morning I opened my eyes to vision better than I can ever remember and on having my first check with Mr. Anderson it was confirmed I have 20/20 vision.
Victoria Lewis
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The ‘Gold Standard’ of laser eye surgery
Mr David Anderson is one of the leading Consultant Ophthalmologists which is why I chose him to perform my surgery. During the consultation I was very much assured that I was in good hands, but also having the ‘Gold Standard’ of laser eye surgery. It was explained that my best option was LASEK due to an eye infection rendering me contact lens intolerant. This also left me with a slightly reduced tear film... read more.
Anna Blackman
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I now have better than 20/20 vision
From start to finish, Mr Anderson and his team were wonderful!! Mr Anderson always took his time, explained every clearly and was happy to answer any questions. I now have better than 20/20 vision - and no more glasses 🙂 I would recommend Mr Anderson to anyone looking into laser eye surgery!
Lynn Farley-Rose
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I wish I hadn't waited so long
Following an injury to my cornea that never healed properly, I had phototherapeutic keratectomy. At all stages I have had the chance to ask plenty of questions and have been given balanced information. The procedure itself was done with great efficiency and professionalism from both the medical and nursing staff. Aftercare has also been good and I am entirely satisfied. I only wish I hadn't waited so long to have it done!
John Waterman
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Cannot recommend enough
The process was completely painless and quick. Any concerns you have to do with treatment whether it be the treatment itself, the aftercare... Dr Anderson will explain in detail and with patience. Also your are looked after so well by the nurses just before and after your treatment, they honestly couldn't do more to help you feel comfortable and relaxed. You are booked in for follow up treatments after your surgery and you feel like they really do care about how your eyes are and how much better your vision is, which is an incredible difference ,you feel like you aren't just a customer who they want in and out.
Graham Charlesworth
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I have been thoroughly impressed
I have been thoroughly impressed with the level of care and professionalism that Aris and his team have shown at all stages in the process. The initial assessment, the procedure itself and then follow-up consultations. Although this was something that I approached with much trepidation I am really happy with the way that it ended up and the path that I followed.

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